Telehealth is the use of telecommunication systems to offer health or medical care. Examples include videoconferencing, store and forward technologies, and remote monitoring devices. During the last 5-10 years since the wide acceptance and availability of broadband technology, the use of telehealth applications has substantially increased. The private sector is estimated to be worth over $1 billion by the finish of 2010. Additionally, over $4 billion has been appropriated from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to guide Health IT. The inspiration of telehealth technologies is supported by two main ideas, the lowering of travel time and its associated costs.
In line with the American Telemedicine Association, telehealth technologies give a clinician the capacity to monitor and measure patient health data and emotional pet support information over geographical, social, and cultural distances. Additionally, these video and non-video technologies are utilized to gather and transmit patient health information. Telehealth technologies can track the vital signs of patients with diseases, such as congestive heart failure, diabetes, and other various chronic and acute illnesses. Telehealth systems are supported in hospitals and homes in the united states, particularly for their preventive medicine applications. The faster information may be gathered and used in the right professional, the higher it’s for the patient. Studies have shown a reduction in er visits and rescue calls, leading to improved health outcomes for patients receiving continuous care via telehealth monitoring. These outcomes include a rise in medication compliance, a reduction in patient isolation, and improved access to immediate care and services.
Limited top speed access to the internet in certain geographic regions provides some difficulties in the delivery of telehealth applications, specifically real-time interactive video. Due to the bandwidth demands of interactive video, patients living in rural areas tend to make use of telephone or email applications instead. Another disadvantage is having less insurance reimbursement. Although there are a few reimbursement models through Medicare, private insurance companies provide almost no support for telehealth technologies. Additionally, the liabilities of intervention have yet to be fully understood because of the novelty of this service delivery medium. Among the biggest setbacks for nationwide telehealth adoption is the price of the technology. Some large videoconferencing rooms can cost in the upwards of $200,000. However, while the technology components get cheaper and better, overall costs will reduce over time.
Although many telehealth applications are linked to elderly individuals, other arenas are being tested and considered. Children with physical, mental, or developmental disabilities are being treated and monitored by non-medical and medical professionals in the comfort of the home. By utilizing interactive video, the parents and children can have therapy sessions making use of their professional remotely. It is important to realize that this advanced interactive video is unlike standard web chat hardware and software. Advanced interactive video includes dynamic remote controls, pan-tilt-zoom camera capabilities, public and private audio modes, advanced video and audio clarity controls, and secure data encryption. Consequently, without these features, remote therapeutic improvements may well be more difficult to obtain.