Many systems today count on hydraulics to perform different tasks. Unlike mechanical systems which need solid components to maneuver other components, hydraulics utilizes fluids and the force generated by them.
What’s so special about hydraulics, especially since exactly the same results, just about, can be achieved through mechanical, electrical and pneumatic systems? The solution is based on the effectiveness of fluids and how they can turn a somewhat weak pump or similar component into one that generates force often times the initial amount.
Pros of hydraulic systems
Fluids flow smoothly and this feature is put on systems and heavy equipment. The force generated by hydraulics produces very smooth movement which is invaluable in applications where jerky motions can’t be tolerated.
Another feature of this kind of system is load-bearing capacity. Unlike pneumatic systems that count on compressed gas, hydraulics can ΥΔΡΑΥΛΙΚΟΣ ΑΘΗΝΑ bear much heavier weights as it’s incompressible. It does it smoothly too, something pneumatic systems can’t achieve as the air pressure alters with cylinder movement and load changes. Moreover, the quantity of force necessary to generate exactly the same made by a hydraulic system is a lot more. This can translate into higher expenses as larger and stronger components carry heftier price tags.
In terms of energy, hydraulics uses much less in comparison with others like pneumatic systems. Heat loss is also less this means very little energy can be used to generate the necessary force. Since such systems are usually used in large scale applications in settings like factories and plants, it becomes crucial that you cut corners without compromising quality and production volume. Hydraulics allows this while combining all the other benefits mentioned above.
Cons of hydraulics
Where there are several benefits to using hydraulics there’s also cons. This shouldn’t be an obstruction but should rather give us an comprehension of things to expect.
Since hydraulics utilizes fluids, there’s a possibility of leakage. Not just does this reduce the efficiency and power of the device nonetheless it causes a mess. Because so many systems and components require clean environments and surroundings, there’s a chance that the leaking fluid could cause damage and fire hazards. Keep in mind, however, that since this can be a known fact, steps are usually taken to ensure accidents don’t occur. The hydraulic systems themselves are designed in such a way which they pose little danger to you and to components even during leakage.
The fluid used in these systems must certanly be clean as contaminants can clog pipes. However, it’s possible that pollutants can type in which case efficacy may be reduced. The environmental surroundings or setting must, therefore, follow strict sanitary standards during all points of the manufacturing process.
Like all systems, hydraulics has its benefits and drawbacks. But at the same time where bulky components are just starting to be edged out in favour of smaller and better systems, hydraulics trumps. Pneumatic and electrical-based machines and components work nicely too but they need a greater supply of power or larger pumps to generate exactly the same level of force given out by way of a hydraulic system. For manufacturers and users requiring such high output, it’s more cost-effective to count on hydraulics. Production time is reduced as efficiency maintains a high average.