The stone masonry industry regularly use many types of natural and artificial stone. Selecting the most appropriate stone for the proper application is important.
Here are a few different types of natural stone, present in the three, main geographical rock types:
Igneous Igneous rock is formed by the cooling of magma or lava and may or might not involve crystallization characteristics. Natural, igneous stone types include Granite which can be one of many hardest stone around and requires special stonemason techniques to work with. kent ragstone fixers It’s generally employed by masons because of its strength and durability in countertops, kerbstones and flooring.
Other igneous rock types range from the softer Pumice and Scoria to the more harder Obsidian and Basalt stone which are found in stone masonry for groundwork and building blocks.
Metamorphic Metamorphic rock is rock which has undergone transformation from a preexisting rock type, involving extreme pressures and temperatures over long periods of time, leading to profound chemical and physical’metamorphism ‘.
Marble is really a typical and popular metamorphic rock which has, by tradition, been carved into statues, and for facing Renaissance stonework. You can find many types of marble differentiated by their colour, petographic type and other factors. Some traditional types range from the white or blue-grey Carrara marble quarried in Carrara, Italy. Marble is employed by stonemasons mainly for it’s decorative characteristics in flooring, tiling and in fireplaces.
Another popular metamorphic rock is Slate. Its hardness and granularity provides a sharpness which can be popular for memorials and inscriptions. Its layered form enables masons to split it into thin plates and put it to use as a roofing material.
Sedimentary Sedimentary rock is formed in water from the sedimentation of other rock, calcium deposits and organic particles. Again, a long process and application of heat and pressure to form strata layers right into a structure called bedding. In this bedding you may also find fossil fuels and ores.
Common Sedimentary rock are limestone. Frequently used samples of limestone include Yorkstone, Sydney and Bath and Portland stone which all the City of Bath is manufactured from. Kentish Ragstone is another famous limestone from Kent employed by Kent stonemasons of the past. Westminster Abbey, the Tower of London and Kent’s Castles such as Leeds Castle are famous stoneworks produced from Kent Ragstone by Kent masons.
Travertine is also a popular limestone which can be used for its soft aesthetic looks. It is generally used as a cladding, in flooring, walls and in bathrooms